Chemical Composition: Si 02+Fe
Colors: Pale violet to deep purples - iron inclusions, may also have white
Location: Brazil, Morocco, Mexico, Western Australia, and Uruguay
History and Legend:
- First described by Theophrastus in 315 B.C., the name "amethyst" is thought to have come from "amethustos", Greek for non-inebriated. It was believed that having amethyst on your person would prevent the wearer from becoming intoxicated, homesick, and of having evil thoughts.
- Considered a gemstone of integrity in ancient Egypt, amethyst was worn by soldiers so not to lose their courage during battle.
- In parts of Northern Africa, amethyst is considered to be a rain making gemstone.
- Known in Tibet as the "Stone of Buddha", amethyst is often used for prayer beads.
- In the Old Testament, amethyst was one of the 12 stones in the breast plate of the Jewish High Priest.
- The Christian church considered amethyst a gem of purity and was also associated with Bishops.
- In India, Buddhist monks use amethyst to facilitate meditation.
- Amethyst is the birthstone of February.
- It has been suggested that to prevent nightmares, amethyst may be placed under your pillow while you sleep.